Intrauterine insemination IUI involves sperm being placed directly inside the uterus with the help of a doctor or a midwife. The goal is pregnancy, which will occur if the sperm fertilizes the egg and that fertilized egg implants in the lining of the uterus. Ovulation occurs usually once in every menstrual cycle when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg. The IUI procedure places the sperm cells directly into the uterus, so that the sperm starts its journey closer to the egg. IUI is most effective when one has at least one unblocked fallopian tube, is able to ovulate with the help of medication , has a healthy ovarian reserve the capacity of your ovaries to provide egg cells capable of fertilization , and a normal uterine cavity.
Low sperm count: what are the causes, symptoms and treatment?
Normal Sperm Count: Understanding Your Semen Analysis
Intrauterine insemination IUI is one of the most basic forms of fertility treatment and has provided many women and men who have struggled to conceive with the ability to build their families. Compared with more intensive treatments such as in vitro fertilization IVF , IUI comes at a lower financial cost but, in general, is associated with lower pregnancy rates. Couples with infertility, in whom tubal and severe male factor have been excluded, generally face the decision of whether to start with IUI or IVF. In addition to maternal age, sperm count has been known to have an impact on pregnancy rates with IUI treatment; however, precise predictions based on sperm count were not possible, as limited data were available.
What You Should Know About Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Just a decade ago treatment for severe male infertility was limited to insemination IUI or in vitro fertilization IVF using donor sperm, adoption or living a childless life. Fortunately, advances in male infertility have introduced innovative therapeutic options that offer most men, including those with no sperm in their ejaculate, a greatly improved chance to conceive a child. To understand how far fertility treatment for male factor infertility has come, it helps to understand the common causes, how and what we test for and the treatment options available depending on the diagnosis. A semen analysis is the first test your general practitioner or a fertility specialist will order to assess your fertility.
Intrauterine insemination IUI is a popular first line fertility treatment option for couples who struggle to conceive on their own. It is particularly effective for couples who have difficulty with ovulation, cervical issues, low sperm count, sexual dysfunction, unexplained infertility or mild endometriosis. By inserting the sperm directly into the uterus, you reduce the distance sperm need to swim to reach the egg. This enables more sperm to swim into the fallopian tubes and increases your chances of getting pregnant.