Among other accomplishments, porcelain is one of the most significant inventions from ancient China. Porcelain manufacturing in China then gradually developed from the early Wei, Jin, and North and South dynasties to the most recent Ming and Qing dynasties. Ceramic, as well, was one of the 3 greatest specialties from the Western Han Dynasty BC - 9 AD and its products have become internationally known. Pottery is the process of cooking, forming, and drying clay or a mixture of clay, feldspar, and quartz. Finally, porcelain is a ceramic created by firing a pure clay and then glazing it with various colored materials as designs. The basic premise of making pottery is straightforward, but the craft took thousands of years to perfect and improve.
Japanese porcelain marks
Chinese pottery , also called Chinese ceramics , objects made of clay and hardened by heat: earthenware , stoneware, and porcelain , particularly those made in China. Nowhere in the world has pottery assumed such importance as in China, and the influence of Chinese porcelain on later European pottery has been profound. The earliest evidence for art in any form in ancient China consists of crude cord-marked pottery and artifacts decorated with geometric designs found in Mesolithic sites in northern China and in the Guangdong-Guangxi regions. The dating for prehistoric culture in China is still very uncertain, but this material is probably at least 7, or 8, years old.
A Brief History Of The Origins Of Chinese Pottery
The history of Chinese ceramics can be traced back to over ten thousand years ago. During the Yangshao culture of the Neolithic age, earthenware with color decoration as well as red or white-bodied ware were made, and later in the Longshan culture, production of black ware flourished. In the Shang dynasty, ash-glazed ware which are also known as proto celadon began to appear and from the end of the Spring and Autumn period to the Warring States period, hard-bodied, high-fired pottery with impressed decoration and ash-glazed ware were fired. By the Warring States period, gray ware with or without color decoration were produced in large quantities, one of the leading examples being the terracotta warriors excavated from the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi. In northern China, lead-glazed ware and celadon were produced during the Northern Dynasty.
To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems. IN the pottery and porcelain of most of the world, there are few developments that do not have some relation to Chinese ceramics. An exhibition that gives some sense of the evolution and highlights of Chinese ceramics, as well as a shorter history of Japanese ceramics, can be seen at the Asia Society in Manhattan through Sept.